Free Diabetes Handouts, Information and Fact Sheets
Looking After Your Eyes – There are a couple of conditions at the back of the eye which can cause blurring of the vision. One is cataract, which happens to most of us if we live long enough, but can happen at an earlier age if you have diabetes. The more serious cause of blurred vision is diabetic retinopathy.
Looking After Your Feet – Why are your feet so important? Preventive care of your feet is very important if you have diabetes. Individuals with diabetes are at risk for conditions that could result in an amputation. Diabetes is the primary cause of non-traumatic amputations.
Managing Diabetes When You Are Ill – Can my diabetes be affected by an illness or stress? Maintaining good control of your diabetes is not easy. It requires motivation, discipline, and an understanding of how diabetes affects your body. Sometimes, however, no matter how hard you try, things go wrong. Infection or an illness such as a cold or the flu, for instance, can cause high blood sugars, loss of diabetes control, and and if you have type 1 diabetes may result in a condition known as ketoacidosis. If you have type 2 diabetes, ketoacidosis is rare but you may experience very high blood sugars and you should know how deal with these events. Ask your doctor for sick day rules before you get sick so you are prepared.
Impotence and What You Should Know – Many men with diabetes feel isolated if they develop impotence (or erectile dysfunction, as it is termed by the medical profession). Impotence is certainly not an isolated problem, however, as we now know that approximately one third of diabetic men suffer from this problem. Ten years ago impotence was a taboo subject. Patients and health care professionals were embarrassed to talk about the subject. Health care professionals were uncertain how to treat the problem, and the easiest way out was to reassure the patient that the problem would get better with time. However, if a man with diabetes develops impotence, there is a less than a one in ten chance that the problem will improve spontaneously.
What is Diabetes? – What is diabetes? Diabetes is a defect in the body’s ability to convert glucose (sugar) to energy. Glucose is the main source of fuel for our body. When food is digested it is changed into fats, protein, or carbohydrates. Foods that affect blood sugars are called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates, when digested, change to glucose. Examples of some carbohydrates are: bread, rice, pasta, potatoes, corn, fruit, and milk products. Individuals with diabetes should eat carbohydrates but must do so in moderation. Glucose is then transferred to the blood and is used by the cells for energy. In order for glucose to be transferred from the blood into the cells, the hormone – insulin is needed. Insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas (the organ that produces insulin). In individuals with diabetes, this process is impaired. Diabetes develops when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient quantities of insulin – Type 1 diabetes or the insulin produced is defective and cannot move glucose into the cells – Type 2 diabetes. Either insulin is not produced in sufficient quantities or the insulin produced is defective and cannot move the glucose into the cells.
You Don’t Have to Knock Yourself Out to Prevent Diabetes – Studies show that people at high risk for diabetes can prevent the disease by losing a small amount of weight by getting 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week and eating healthier. The key is: Small steps that lead to big rewards. Use these tips for ideas on moving more and eating healthier. Take your first steps today!
It’s Not Too Late to Prevent Diabetes – As you get older, your risk for type 2 diabetes increases. If you are age 60 or more and overweight, you are at risk for type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes. Take these small steps to prevent or delay the onset of the disease. Lose a modest amount of weight (10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person) by moving more and making healthy food choices.
Periodontal Disease and Diabetes – What is periodontal disease? Periodontal disease is the scientific name used to describe gum disease. There are two common forms of periodontal disease. The first is called gingivitis, which is mild inflammation of the gums. The other, more serious, form of gum disease is called periodontitis, in which there is more severe inflammation of the gums, and the bone that holds the teeth in place begins to be gradually destroyed.
If You Have Diabetes, Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers (Spanish) – Tomar control de su diabetes puede ayudarlo a sentirse mejor y mantenerse saludable. Las investigaciones indican que al mantener un nivel normal de glucosa sanguínea (azúcar en la sangre), usted reducirá sus posibilidades de tener complicaciones de los ojos, los riñones y los nervios. Para controlar su diabetes, usted tiene que saber cuál es su nivel de glucosa sanguínea y cuáles deberían ser sus metas.
Tips For Kids: What is Diabetes? – What is diabetes? Diabetes means that your blood glucose (GLOO-kos), also called blood sugar, is too high. Glucose comes from the food you eat and is needed to fuel our bodies. Glucose is also stored in our liver and muscles. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs glucose for energy. But having too much glucose in your blood is not healthy. An organ called the pancreas (PAN-kree-as) makes insulin (IN-suh-lin). Insulin helps glucose get from your blood into your cells. Cells take the glucose and turn it into energy. If you have diabetes, the pancreas makes little or no insulin or your cells cannot use insulin very well. Glucose builds up in your blood and cannot get into your cells. If your blood glucose stays too high, it can damage many parts of the body such as the heart, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.
Team Care: Comprehensive Lifetime Management for Diabetes – Executive Summary This report was created to help organizational leaders in health care systems and purchasers of health care to implement multidisciplinary team care for people with diabetes in all clinical settings. The key function of a multidisciplinary team is to provide continuous, supportive, and aggressive care for people with diabetes throughout the course of their disease. Properly implemented diabetes team care is cost-effective and the preferred method of care delivery, particularly when services include health promotion and disease prevention in addition to intensive clinical management.