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Allergies and Asthma Handouts

/Allergies and Asthma Handouts
Allergies and Asthma Handouts 2018-02-07T11:07:52+00:00

Free Allergy Handouts and Asthma Fact Sheets

Allergies and Asthma affect young and old alike. Whether in school or working the effects of these conditions can have an impact on the productivity of those afflicted with the symptoms. We hope that these allergy handouts and asthma fact sheets will be of use in your efforts to promote health and wellness within your organization.

Tips for Controlling Your Asthma – If you have asthma, you are not alone. More than 14 million people in the United States have this lung disease. Of these, almost 5 million are children. Asthma is a problem among all races. But the asthma death rate and hospitalization rate for blacks are three times the rate of whites. Proper asthma care could prevent these problems for all. This booklet can help you learn how to control your asthma or help a friend or family member with asthma.

Asthma Medicines – During an asthma episode (“attack”) ● The lining of the airways becomes swollen (inflamed). ● The airways produce a thick mucus. ● The muscles around the airways tighten and make the airways narrower. These changes in the airways block the flow of air, making it hard to breathe and causing coughing. It often takes more than one medicine to treat the disease: some medicines relax the airways (bronchodilators) and others reduce (and even prevent) the swelling and excess mucus production (anti-inflammatories). There are three main categories of medications….more…

Asthma-Allergy Trigger Control Plan – Because you have asthma, your airways are very sensitive. They may react to things called triggers (stimuli that can cause asthma episodes). Your airways may become swollen, tighten up, and produce excess mucus in the presence of one or more of the triggers below. These triggers may make asthma symptoms worse or keep you from getting better. It’s important to find out what your asthma triggers are. Learn ways to avoid them. If you cannot avoid triggers, and your medicine plan does not work as well as you and your health care provider think it should, you both should discuss allergy shots (immunotherapy).

Exercise Induced Asthma – Exercise-induced asthma: Acute lung airway narrowing that occurs during and/or after physical activity. The cause is unknown but may be due to airway temperature, dry air, and bronchial artery congestion. The diagnosis is generally made by the patient’s history but can be confirmed by an exercise sprirometry test. Symptoms of wheezing and breathlessness usually peak within 10 minutes of exercise cessation and respond spontaneously within 20 – 60 minutes, depending on the severity of the attack.

Personal Asthma Plan – My Treatment Goals Are: ● To have no severe symptoms night or day (includes not being awakened at all during the night). ● To have the best possible lung function I can. ● To be active in whatever exercise or sports I choose without limitation from asthma. ● To attend school, work, and social events without disruption from asthma. ● To avoid emergency room and hospital visits due to asthma flare-ups. ● To have as few side effects as possible from my medication. ● To be satisfied with my asthma care.

Using A Peak Flow Meter – A peak flow meter is a device that measures how well air moves out of your lungs. During an asthma episode the airways of the lungs begin to narrow slowly. The peak flow meter can be used to find out if there is narrowing in the airways, hours, even days, before you have any symptoms of asthma. By taking your medicine early (before symptoms) you may be able to stop the episode quickly and avoid a serious episode of asthma. Peak flow meters are used to check your asthma the way that blood pressure cuffs are used to check high blood pressure.

Using Your Metered Dose Inhaler – Using an inhaler seems simple, but many patients do not use it the right way. When you use your inhaler the wrong way, less medicine gets into your lungs. (You may be given other types of inhalers which have different instructions).

What Is Asthma? – Asthma is a chronic lung disease. Currently, there is no cure, but it can be controlled. ● Airway linings become inflamed; that is, they get swollen and secrete extra mucus. ● Airways narrow and breathing becomes difficult. Sometimes the narrowing gets better by itself; often medicine is needed to get the airways open again. ● Airways are super sensitive. They react to many things, such as cigarette smoke, pollen, or cold air. Coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest, and difficulty breathing may result.

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